BMW M52 Intake Manifold Removal – 1995-2000 3,5,7,Z3 Series 6 Cyl.

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BMW M52 Intake Manifold Removal – 1 Hour
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Repair cost level 1

The BMW Repair Guide used a 2000 323i for this article.

Repair Summary
This article gives detailed instructions on removing the intake manifold in a BMW with the M52 6 cylinder engine. Even though we used a 2000 323i to perform this repair, this article can be applied to any 1995-2000 BMW vehicle with the 6 cylinder M52 engine including the 3,5,7 and Z3 with minor modifications to the repair steps.

A BMW M52 intake manifold removal is an important step in many 1995-2000 six cylinder engine repairs.

The M52 engine was the workhorse six cylinder engine found in many BMW models from 1995-2000. It was replaced by the updated M54 six cylinder engine in 2001, but many M52s are still running strong on the road today. When properly maintained, the BMW M52 engine is still considered a highly reliable engine which is relatively easy to service.

Due to the confined space in the engine compartment, a BMW M52 intake manifold removal is a critical step in many repairs. Removing the intake manifold opens up the entire left side of the engine compartment allowing easy access to the starter motor, alternator, oil filter housing, fuel and vacuum lines as well as the engine coolant and heater system. Being able to quickly and efficiently remove the M52 engine’s intake manifold is a necessary skill for all BMW mechanics.

One of the more notorious issues with the BMW M52 engine are vacuum leaks caused by deteriorating vacuum hoses and a failing crankcase ventilation system. A complete BMW M52 intake manifold removal allows easier access to all of the critical parts of the intake system and provides the ability to do a more thorough vacuum system analysis and repair. 

Many mechanics are intimidated by removing the intake manifold from an M52 engine – this perception is superfluous. In fact with a little practice, a BMW M52 intake manifold removal can be executed very quickly and easily. The amount of wires and vacuum lines seems overwhelming at first – but once you understand the system and where everything connects, removing and reinstalling the manifold becomes a very straightforward procedure.

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1. Intake manifold gaskets (optional) – Although optional, we strongly recommend always replacing the gaskets any time the intake manifold is removed from the cylinder head. Replacing the gaskets is cheap insurance against future vacuum leaks and those irritating intsrument cluster warning lights.

2. Throttle body gasket (optional) – Once again, we strongly recommend replacing your throttle body gasket while you have it removed for this repair. It takes less than a minute to install a new gasket with the throttle removed from the vehicle.

BMW E35 and E46 323i and 328i. E39 528i. Z3 2.8

3. Vacuum lines (optional) – Most likely you will need to replace some broken or deteriorated vacuum lines when removing the intake manifold. Age and heat causes vacuum tubing to become brittle – many times vacuum lines disintegrate without even being handled. get ahead of the game and have plenty of tubing on hand in your garage.

4. Intake boot (optional) – If you broke your intake boot during this repair….don’t feel bad. The intake boot on the M52 engine is notorious for cracking and falling apart, causing nasty vacuum leaks and instrument cluster warning lights.

BMW E46 323i, 325i and 328i
Section 1 – Removing the upper electrical connections

A BMW M52 intake manifold removal starts at the top of the engine. The upper electrical connections, including the fuel injector wiring harness, must be cleared out of the way to make room manifold removal. ***The following steps were performed on a 2000 323i…other models may vary. 

  1. Before starting this repair you must disconnect the negative terminal from your battery. Attempting work on your engine’s electrical system without disconnecting the battery can cause catastrophic damage to sensitive electronics.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the negative terminal from the battery.
  2. Begin by removing the microfilter (cabin air filter) cover. It is held in place with three thumb screws. Remove the microfilter element.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the microfilter coverRemove the cover from the vehiclebmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the microfilter from the vehicle
  3. Remove the four T30 torx screws securing the microfilter housing to the body of the vehicle.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the T30 screws anchoring the microfilter housing to the body of the vehicle
  4. Pull the battery cable guide free from the front of the microfilter housing. Remove the microfilter housing from the vehicle.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Pull the wiring harness free from the microfilter housingRemove the microfilter housing from the vehicle
  5. Remove the two 10mm bolts securing the left engine cover to the fuel rail. Remove the engine cover from the vehicle.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the 10mm bolts from the left engine coverbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the cover from the vehicle
  6. Begin by unclipping the oxygen sensor wires from the top of the fuel rail as shown below. Carefully stow them safely out of the work area. Also remove the oxygen sensor mounting clips from the fuel rail…this will give you extra space for removing the wiring harness.Remove the oxygen sensor wires from fuel railbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Stow the oxygen sensor wires in a safe placebmw m52 intake manifold removal - Also remove the oxygen sensor mounting clips from the fuel rail
  7. Disconnect the rear vacuum line from the top of the fuel rail. It is not necessary to remove the front fuel rail vacuum line unless you are planning on replacing it…it is connected to the PCV valve on the bottom of the intake manifold and does not hinder the removal process.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the rear vacuum line from the fuel rail
  8. Now is a great time to release the fuel rail pressure. This will save you from a mess when you disconnect the fuel lines from the intake manifold later on in this article. This is a very simple procedure that does not require any special tools. Start by locating the Schrader valve on the end of the fuel rail and remove its protective cap. The Schrader valve is the same valve found in a car or bicycle tire.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - The fuel rail Schrader valve
  9. Put several rags down around the valve to catch and fuel that may come out. Use a small flat blade screwdriver to depress the valve (like letting air out of a tire) until all of the pressure is released from the rail.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the cap from the Schrader valveRelease the pressure from the Schrader valve
  10. Unplug the crankcase breather hose from the valve cover.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the crankcase breather hose
  11. Next, unplug the solenoid valve on the front of the engine. bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the solenoid valvebmw m52 intake manifold removal - The solenoid valve unplugged
  12. To prepare the intake manifold for removal, the fuel rail wiring harness needs to be removed. The wiring harness prevents proper removal and installation of the intake manifold mounting bolts. Trying to remove and install the intake manifold mounting bolts with the fuel injector wiring harness installed can cause damage to the fuel injectors and should be avoided.
  13. The wiring harness is connected to each fuel injector with a metal clip as shown below. It is important to understand that only one side of the metal clip has to be released to remove the wiring harness from the injector. bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Fuel injector wiring harness clip.
  14. Starting at the first injector, use a steel pick or flat blade screwdriver to pull one side of the metal clip free. Remember…only one side of the clip has to be released as shown below. Repeat on the other five injectors.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Release on side of the wiring harness clip
  15. When all wiring harness clips have been released, slowly start pulling the wiring harness loose from the injectors. DO NOT force it off. If it will not release from an injector, make sure the wiring harness clip didn’t snap back into place.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Pull the wiring harness free of the fuel injectors
  16. If you are sure every clip is released and you still cannot get the wiring harness to pull free from the injectors, GENTLY pry it loose with a large flat blade screwdriver as shown below.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Pry the wiring harness from the injectors
  17. When the wiring harness is free from the injectors, disconnect it from the intake air temperature sensor and carefully stow out of the work area.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Move the wiring harness out of the work areabmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the air temperature sensor from the top of the intake manifold
  18. Use a 19mm socket wrench to remove the positive battery cable from its terminal on the left side of the engine. Unsnap the cable guide and remove the battery cable and wiring harness. Lay the positive battery cable to the side away from the work area. bmw m52 intake manifold removal - The positive battery terminal in the engine compartmentbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Use a 19mm socket wrench to remove the positive cable from the terminalUnsnap and remove the plastic cable guide
  19. Using a T30 torx bit, remove the top from the electronics box (E-box) on the right side of the engine compartment. Locate the two engine wiring harness connections and remove them. Fold the engine wiring harness out of the way of the work area.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Use a T30 torx bit to remove the E-box lid screwsRemove the lid from the E-boxbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the main wiring harness from the E-boxbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the wiring harness from the DME
  20. The intake manifold is now clear of all of the upper electrical wiring.

 

Section 2 -Removing the air intake system

In the BMW M52 engine, the intake manifold’s lower mounting bolt is located behind the throttle body. This means that the air intake system, including the intake boot and throttle body, must be removed in order to access the bolt. Look at this as an opportunity to replace high failure rate parts like the idle control valve, DISA valve and infamous intake boot which is prone to cracking and causing a rough idle. Even though you may be performing a BMW M52 intake manifold removal for another repair, spending a few extra bucks now while you have the system apart will save you a lot of headaches down the line.

  1. Remove the intake snorkel from the front of the car. It is held in place with two plastic rivets.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the intake snorkel from the front of the engine
  2. Using a 10mm socket wrench, remove the two bolts anchoring the intake muffler to the vehicle. Unclip the intake muffler from the mass air flow (MAF) sensor and remove from the vehicle.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the intake muffler from the vehicle.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unclip the intake muffler from the MAF
  3. Unplug the MAF sensor. Loosen the hose clamp connecting the MAF sensor to the intake boot. Carefully remove the MAF sensor and store in a safe place – the MAF sensor is very sensitive…take extra care not to drop it or store it anywhere it could get damaged.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the MAF sensorbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Loosen the hose clamp on the mass air flow sensor.Remove the MAF from the intake boot
  4. Unplug the electrical connection to the fuel tank vent valve – it is located at the front of the intake manifold next to the power steering fluid reservoir.
  5. Remove the vacuum line from the bottom of the fuel tank vent valve.
  6. Remove the vacuum line from the top of the intake boot. Be careful…this connection tends to get brittle with age and can easily break like ours did. The good news is intake boots are cheap…you can order a replacement from our parts list.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the vacuum line from the top of the intake boot
  7. Next unplug the DISA valve. The DISA valve is held in place with two T40 bolts. Remove the bolts and CAREFULLY pull the DISA valve free of the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the DISA valveRemove the two T40 bolts anchoring the DISA valve to the Intake manifoldbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Pull the DISA valve free from the intake manifold
  8. Using a 10mm socket wrench, remove the wiring harness support bracket from the idle control valve.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the wiring harness bracket from the idle control valve bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Push the wiring harness bracket out of the way
  9. Remove the idle control valve bracket’s two T40 bolts. Roll the bracket back.Remove the two T40 bolts anchoring the idle control valve bracket
  10. Removing the idle control valve is always a challenge. Start by loosening the intake boot hose clamp. Remove the intake boot from the idle control valve. You may need to use the assistance of a flat blade screwdriver to get it off.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the intake boot from the idle control valve
  11.  Unplug the idle control valves electrical connection.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Unplug the idle control valve
  12.  Grasp the idle control valve and remove it from the intake manifold. It may take some twisting and turning to get it out…older valves tend to get stuck and need to be worked out slowly.Remove the idle control valve from the intake manifold
  13. Disconnect the throttle cable from the idle control valve bracket.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Locate the throttle cable attached to idle control valve bracket (M52 engine only)bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the throttle cable from bracket (M52 engine only)
  14. Remove the idle control valve from the engine.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the idle control valve from the engine
  15.  Loosen the hose clamp on the intake boot where it attached to the throttle body.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Loosen the hose clamp on the intake boot where it attaches to the throttle body
  16. Grasp the intake boot and pull it off the throttle body. Remove it from the vehicle.Remove the intake boot from the vehicle
  17. The wiring harness now needs to be disconnected from the bottom of the intake manifold. The reason is because there is not enough space to remove the throttle body with the wiring harness in place.The intake manifold wiring harness
  18. Start by removing the 10mm nut securing the engine grounding strap and the wiring harness to the bottom of the throttle body. bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the rear wiring harness nutbmw m52 intake manifold removal - The engine block grounding wire
  19. Next, remove the front 10mm bolt securing the wiring harness to the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the front wiring harness mounting bolt
  20. Remove the 13mm bolt securing the oil dipstick tube to the engine block.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the oil dipstick tube mounting bolt
  21. Gently move the dipstick to the side and slide the wiring harness out of the way of the lower throttle body bolts.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Gently push the oil dipstick to the sidebmw m52 intake manifold removal - The wiring harness can now be moved out of the way of the throttle body
  22. There is now enough room to remove the throttle body. Use a 10mm socket wrench to remove its four mounting bolts.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the four throttle body mounting bolts
  23. Remove the electrical plug from the throttle body by turning it counterclockwise and pulling it free. You do not need to remove the throttle cable – set the throttle safely to the side out of the work area. Pull the throttle body free of the intake manifoldbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the throttle body electrical connectionbmw m52 intake manifold removal - You do not need to disconnect the throttle cable (M52 engines)
  24. You can now access the lower mounting nut which will be removed in the next section.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - The lower intake manifold bolt can now be accessed

 

Section 3 – Removing the intake manifold

Performing a BMW M52 intake manifold removal from the engine compartment can be tricky. There are a lot of connections, and missing just one of them will not allow the manifold to be pulled free. Further compounding the issue are old and deteriorating vacuum lines that tend to fall apart during the removal process. We give you detailed vacuum connection schematics so you can quickly figure out where broken lines are supposed to go, as well as links to replacement vacuum tubing in our parts section.

  1. Use an 11mm socket wrench to remove the nine nuts securing the intake manifold to the cylinder head.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the nine upper intake manifold mounting nuts
  2. Use a 16mm socket wrench to remove the lower intake manifold mounting nut. A long socket extension is helpful.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the lower intake manifold mounting nut
  3. Use a 12mm socket wrench to remove the plastic nut securing the positive battery cable to the top of the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the plastic nut securing the positive battery cable Remove the positive battery cable from the intake manifold
  4. You can now rock the manifold back and forth. Slowly work it off of the mounting studs until you can get the forward section slightly elevated as shown below.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Tilt the front of the intake manifold up
  5. Locate the PCV valve located under the front of the manifold. Disconnect the lower vent hose (dipstick return line) by squeezing its connection and pulling it free.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Locate the PCV valve under the manifoldDisconnect the lower vent hose (dipstick return line) from the PCV valve
  6. The next step is difficult…use patience. The fuel injector wiring harness must be unplugged from the coolant temperature sensor in the cylinder head. It is literally done by feeling behind the intake manifold for the connection, then unplugging it. The first set of photos show the location of the coolant temperature sensor plug using your hand and an inspection mirror. The second set of photos show the sensor after the intake manifold is removed. Use all of these photos to help find and disconnect the plug.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - The coolant temperature sensor must be unplugged behind the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Use an inspection mirror to find the coolant temperature sensor.The coolant temperature sensor plug behind the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - the coolant temperature sensor in the cylinder head
  7. Disconnect the vacuum hose that connects the bottom of the intake manifold to the suction jet pump as shown below. If the original factory hose clamp is on it, break it off with a pair of pliers – you can replace it with a regular “worm gear” hose clamp during reassembly. bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Locate the suction jet pump bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect vacuum line from suction pump Disconnect the vacuum line from the suction pump
  8. Unplug the electric vacuum control valve at the rear left corner of the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the electric vacuum control valve Unplug the electric vacuum control valve
  9. The intake manifold is now free of all of its lower connections. Grasp the intake manifold with both hands and pull up CAREFULLY until it is free of the engine. Remember there are still vacuum and fuel line connections on the back of the manifold, so be extra careful how you handle it.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Pull the intake manifold free of the engine compartment
  10. Remove the positive battery cable from the intake manifold.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Remove the positive battery cable from the intake manifoldPositive battery cable free of the intake manifold
  11. Turn the intake manifold so the right rear corner can be accessed. Disconnect the two fuel line connections by pressing down on their release collars and pulling them free.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Turn the intake manifold so the right rear corner can be accessedLocate the two fuel linesbmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the fuel lines by depressing the plastic collar and pulling them freebmw m52 intake manifold removal - Diiconnect the second fuel line
  12. Now carefully turn the intake manifold the other direction so the left rear corner of it can be accessed. This is the location of electric control valve that the secondary air pump connects to. It is also the location that several other vacuum lines connect to the intake manifold, depending on the model vehicle you are working on.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Turn the intake manifold so the left rear corner can be accessed.
  13. Carefully disconnect the vacuum lines. We strongly suggest marking them with a high visibility tape to aid during reassembly. Now is also an excellent time to replace your old vacuum lines. Please see our parts list for the correct size vacuum lines for the M52 engine.bmw m52 intake manifold removal - Disconnect the vacuum lines from the rear of the manifold.Disconnect the secondary air vacuum line from the electric valve
  14. The intake manifold is now free and can be removed from the vehicle.

 

Section 4 – Reinstalling the intake manifold

Reinstalling the intake manifold is the exact reverse of the above steps. The following is a detailed checklist that you can use which contains critical torque values that you should adhere to. It is VERY important that you check…then double check…every vacuum line connection to make sure they are secure. A vacuum leak will cause a rough idling engine and instrument cluster error lights. We also strongly encourage you to replace all of your intake manifold gaskets, as well as the throttle body gasket. These are common sources of vacuum leaks and should be replaced every time the intake manifold is removed.

BMW M52 Intake Manifold Reassembly Checklist

When you are finished with a step, use your mouse (or finger if on mobile) to check the box as completed! Completed step =
***The following steps were performed on a 2000 323i…other models may vary. 

  • Reattach the vacuum lines to the rear left corner of the intake manifold.
  • Reattach the two fuel lines to the rear right corner of the intake manifold.
  • Install the positive battery cable back through the intake manifold. It should be directed through the last opening in the manifold (between ports 5 and 6).
  • Carefully lower the intake manifold back into place onto the cylinder head studs. Also verify that it is properly seated on its lower mount.
  • Reconnect the electric vacuum control valve at the left rear corner of the manifold.
  • Reconnect the intake manifold’s vacuum line to the suction jet pump. Secure it with a “worm gear” style hose clamp.
  • Reach down behind the intake manifold and reconnect the coolant temperature sensor into the cylinder head.
  • Reconnect the PCV valve to the lower vent hose (dipstick return line).
  • Reattach the positive battery cable to the top of the intake manifold using the plastic nut. There is no torque value for this nut…just make sure it is snug.
  • Double check once again that the manifold is properly lined up on all of its mounting studs, including the lower one.
  • Install the lower intake manifold mounting nut. Torque the nut to 47 Nm (34 ft-lb).
  • Install the nine cylinder head mounting nuts. Torque the nuts to 15 Nm (11 ft-lb).
  • If you are installing a new throttle body gasket, do it now.
  • Install the electrical plug back into the throttle body.
  • Mount the throttle body back onto the intake manifold. Torque its four mounting bolts to 13 Nm (10 ft-lb).
  • Position the wiring harness in front of the intake manifold. Install its front mounting bolt. There is no torque value on this bolt, just make sure it is snug.
  • Install the dipstick tube mounting bolt. Torque the bolt to 24 Nm (17 ft-lb).
  • Reinstall the rear wiring harness nut. DO NOT FORGET THE GROUNDING STRAP. There is no torque value on this nut.
  • Reinstall the intake boot back onto the throttle body. Make sure the intake boot is firmly seated on the throttle body…if it is not it can come loose and cause a vacuum leak. Tighten the throttle body hose clamp.
  • Attach the throttle cable back to the idle control air bracket.
  • Maneuver the idle control valve into position in front of its mounting hole in the intake manifold.
  • Reinstall the electrical plug into the end of the idle control valve.
  • Attach the intake boot to the idle control valve. Tighten the hose clamp.
  • Install the idle control valve into the intake manifold. Press it in firmly with your hands to ensure it has a good seal.
  • Install the two T40 idle control bracket mounting bolts.
  • Install the wiring harness support bracket back onto the idle control valve bracket. Install the 10mm nut.
  • Reinstall the DISA valve into the intake manifold. Install its two T40 mounting bolts.
  • Install the DISA valve electrical plug.
  • Plug the vacuum line back into the top of the intake boot.
  • Replace the vacuum line back onto fuel tank vent valve.
  • Plug the fuel tank vent valve’s electrical connection back in.
  • Reinstall the MAF sensor into the intake boot and tighten the hose clamp.
  • Plug the MAF sensor’s electrical connection back in.
  • Reinstall the intake muffler and the intake snorkel.
  • Plug the wiring harness back into the E-box
  • Replace the E-box cover and tighten its T30 bolts
  • Attach the positive battery cable to the engine compartment terminal. Tighten the 19mm nut.
  • Plug the fuel injector wiring harness into the air temperature sensor on the top of the intake manifold.
  • Install the fuel injector wiring harness back on the fuel injectors.
  • Install the plug back in the solenoid valve.
  • Install the crankcase breather line back into the valve cover
  • Reattach the rear vacuum line to fuel rail.
  • Reinstall the oxygen sensor clips and the oxygen sensor connections to the top of the intake manifold.
  • Reinstall the left engine cover.

 

BMW M52 Intake Manifold Replacement Finished
If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to contact us. And congratulations for Doing It Yourself!